Delivering Dangerous Goods, Safely and Securely
As well as providing a superior, express delivery service, Worldwide Express are also trained in the handling and shipping of dangerous goods.
What are Dangerous Goods?
The term ‘Dangerous Goods’ refers to any products which may become unsafe if not correctly handled. In addition to obvious hazardous substances which include chemicals and flammable goods, everyday items such as perfumes and batteries can also pose a health and safely risk if not correctly packaged and controlled.
Of course, with such a broad spectrum of products that can be identified as Dangerous Goods, these items have been divided into different classifications depending on the threat that they pose and the associated risks. These classifications have been identified as:
3. Flammable Liquids
4. Flammable Solids
5. Oxidizing Substances
6. Toxic and Infectious Substances
7. Radioactive Material
9. Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
Dangerous Goods Classifications
Explosives are classed as any goods or materials that are designed to combust or set alight when a chemical reaction is triggered.
Goods which pose a mass explosion hazard.
Goods which pose a projection hazard.
Goods which pose a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or minor projection hazard.
Goods which present no significant hazard. Items with this classification are only considered dangerous goods when ignited.
Blasting Agents. Goods which are very insensitive but do pose a mass explosion hazard.
Goods which are very insensitive and do not pose a mass explosion hazard.
Goods within the Explosives Classification include:
- Ammunition and cartridges
Gases considered Dangerous Goods are those which are compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure.
Gases which are flammable and pose risk of fire or explosion.
Gases which are both non-flammable and non-poisonous often contained at very low temperatures.
Gases which are toxic and pose a risk if inhaled.
Goods within the Gases Classification include:
- Hydrogen, Acetylene and Propane
- Lighters and gas cartridges
- Compressed air
- Carbon Dioxide and Helium
- Fire Extinguishers
Flammable liquids refers to any liquid or solution which emits a flammable vapour that may pose a threat at certain temperatures.
Flammable Liquids 3
There are no divisions within the flammable gases classification, however, these liquids may vary in their combustion levels.
Goods within the Flammable Liquids Classification include:
- Petrol, Diesel and Fuels
- Paint, Lacquers and Varnishes
- Alcohol and Spirits
Flammable solids includes substances liable to spontaneous combustion and substances which emit flammable gases when in contact with water.
Flammable Solids 4.1
Goods which may cause fire through friction or other transportation conditions.
Substances Liable To Spontaneous Combustion 4.2
Goods which are known to spontaneously combust under normal conditions.
Substances Which, In Contact With Water, Emit Flammable Gases 4.3
Goods which are also known as ‘Dangerous When Wet’ which are known to react with liquids.
Goods within the Flammable Solids Classification include:
- Seed Cake
- Desensitised Explosives
- Oily Fabrics and Fibers
- Alkali Metals
- Metal Powders
- Firelighters and Matches
Oxidising Substances include goods which are not necessarily dangerous in themselves but can cause other materials and substances to become dangerous if incorrectly handled. Organic Peroxides are unstable goods which may experience exothermic decomposition which transfers energy to its surroundings.
Oxidising Substances 5.1
Goods which yield oxygen and such may cause or contribute to the combustion of other substances.
Organic Peroxides 5.2
Goods with a bivalent -O-O- structure that are a thought derive from hydrogen peroxide where one or both of the Hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic free radical.
Organic Peroxides are unstable and may be liable to:
- Explosive decomposition
- Rapid burning
- Increased sensitivity to impact or friction
- Dangerous reactions with other substances
- Causing damage to eyes.
Goods within the Oxidising Substances & Organic Peroxides Classification include:
Toxic and infectious substances are goods which pose a health and safety risk to humans or animals through inhalation, ingestion or contact with the skin when incorrectly handled.
Toxic Substances 6.1
Goods which can cause serious illness or death if ingested or in incorrect contact with human skin.
Infectious Substances 6.2
Goods which contain harmful pathogens which can cause serious illness or disease to both humans or animals.
Goods within the Toxic & Infectious Substances Classification include:
- Medical and Biomedical & Clinical Waste
- Medical & Biological Cultures, Samples & Specimens
- Nicotine & Nicotine Compounds
- Tear Gas Substances
- Motor Fuel
Radioactive Materials are goods containing radionuclides where the activity concentration and total activity exceed the specified values.
Radioactive Material 7
There are no divisions within the Radioactive Material classification, however, these substances can vary in their stability and threat levels, therefore, requiring different labeling to communicate the activity of such materials.
Goods within the Radioactive Material Classification include:
- Uranium Products
- Plutonium Products
- Radioactive Ores
- Medical Parts & Equipment
- Density Gauges
Corrosives are goods which, on contact, can cause severe damage to other materials, living tissues or it’s surroundings through chemical decomposition.
There are no divisions within the Corrosives classification, however, these substances can vary in their threat levels.
Goods within the Corrosives Classification include:
- Amines & Polyamines
- Sulphides & Polysulphides
- Batteries & Battery Fluid
- Paints & Dyes
Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods are hazardous goods which do not fit into any of the other 8 classifications. This classification includes but is not limited to:
- Environmentally hazardous substances
- Substances requiring transport at higher temperatures
- Miscellaneous substances
- Genetically modified organisms & microorganisms
- Substances with magnetic properties
- Aviation regulated substances
Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods 9
There are no divisions within the Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods classification, however, these substances vary in the type of threat that they pose to human health, the environment and other materials.
Goods within the Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Classification include:
- Lithium Batteries & Battery Powered Equipment
- First Aid Kits & Life Saving Appliances
- Self-inflating Goods
- Dry Ice
- Chemical Kits
- Airbag Inflators and Modules
Health and Safety Information
To make sure that your Dangerous Goods shipment is exported as per the International Air Transport Association (IATA) regulations, and moves without incident to its ultimate destination, it is vital that all relevant information is given to Worldwide Express prior to shipping. The contents of your consignment will affect how it needs to be packaged, handled and treated – without full declaration of the contents, the safety of delivery may be compromised.
Worldwide express will assist and support you all the way through the process, so you should feel safe and assured in the knowledge of our trained Dangerous Goods team.